What are Endangered Species?
Endangered species are those species that are likely to become extinct shortly. They can be at risk because of many factors. Some of the common factors are loss of the habitat of the species due to deforestation or other reasons, invasion by some other specie which is stronger or has a higher population, poaching and hunting of animals by human beings, and many others.
There are some laws to prevent poaching, deforestation, and other human activities that can affect the habitat of any other specie but the implementation of these laws is not very good in India. We can still see poaching and deforestation almost everywhere. A large part of the habitats of these organisms is being taken away from them. They are being forced to move away from their homes. As a result, their population is decreasing continuously, and they are today falling in the category of endangered species.
Top 9 Endangered Species in India are:
- Malabar Giant Squirrel
- Gee’s Golden Langur
- Indian Giant Flying Squirrel
- Snow Leopard
- Lion-tailed Macaque
- Himalayan Tahr
- Red Panda
Apart from these nine, there are many more endangered species in India. If the government does not take strict actions for its preservation, it can become extinct soon.
Governments’ Actions to Preserve These Species
What is the Indian government doing to preserve these species? Well, the hunting for these animals is banned throughout India, and deforestation near the area where these live is strictly not allowed. There is a forest policy to ensure that their rules are being followed. Further, the poaching of animals is banned throughout India. If anybody is found poaching any species of animals, strict actions are taken against him/her.
More than 50% of the total animal species in the world are on the verge of extinction. Half of the total diversity can end anytime. This explains the seriousness of the problem. One hundred ninety-five countries of the world were asked to create an action plan to save biodiversity. The world’s coming together to save all the endangered species.
The government is following different techniques for the conservation of the organisms. One of them is captive breeding. In this method, the endangered species are bred in an environment controlled by human beings. This ensures that any other species do not invade them, and sufficient food is available for them. When they grow in number, they can be left on their own. Both developing and developed countries are following captive breeding.
Private farming is another technique used by developed countries. This technique aims to make sure that poaching can be prevented for the endangered species, and they can live safely on their own. Local communities generally opt for this method.
IUCN Red List
There’s a list of all the endangered species of the world in the order of the severity of the endangerment. The more endangered species require more care than the ones in the last of the list. All the countries where these endangered species are the part of the list are supposed to save these species. They have to implement different measures to prevent a further decrease in their number. Developing countries can take funds from developed countries for the same. The aim of the International Union for Conservation of Nature is the prevention of extinction of these endangered species to save nature at any cost. Various countries have been successfully saving many species with their coordination.